The Most Common Orthodontic Problems You Might Encounter

Teeth pain in woman
  • Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that helps realign teeth and jaws to improve oral health, hygiene, and appearance.
  • The human mouth consists of various parts, including baby, permanent teeth, and upper and lower jaw.
  • Crowded teeth, overbite, underbite, open bite, and crossbite are the most common orthodontic problems in the US.
  • Braces, regular checkups with an orthodontist, and proper oral hygiene are some methods of preventing orthodontic issues.
  • Orthodontics can keep your teeth healthy while also improving aesthetic appeal.

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with correcting issues involving teeth positioning and jaw alignment. It ensures that a patient’s teeth and jaws align correctly to improve their oral health, hygiene, and appearance. Many people, especially in the U.S., turn to orthodontics to correct their dental problems and improve the way their teeth look. Here’s what you need to know about your jaw and mouth, a look at the five most common orthodontic problems in the U.S. and discuss how they can be treated.

The Human Mouth

People’s mouth consists of various parts, including the teeth, lips, gums, and upper and lower jaws. The teeth comprise the baby (primary) and permanent (secondary) sets. In most cases, people lose their baby teeth in favor of their permanent ones by age 12 or 13.

The upper jaw is called the maxilla and consists of a horseshoe-shaped arch of bones, which houses the upper teeth. The lower jaw, known as the mandible, connects to the maxilla at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and houses the lower teeth.

Common Orthodontic Problems in the U.S.

Orthodontic problems concern itself with the jaw and mouth. Here are some of the most common orthodontic problems faced by people in the U.S.

Crowded Teeth

Crowded teeth are the most common orthodontic problem experienced by Americans. It happens when your mouth has insufficient space to accommodate all your teeth. As a result, some of them grow out of place or are pushed forward. This problem can lead to serious dental health issues, such as tooth decay, gum disease, and difficulty maintaining oral hygiene. Orthodontic treatments like braces or clear aligners can fix overcrowded teeth and keep your mouth healthy.

Orthodontic tools on jaw


An overbite refers to the protrusion of your upper front teeth over your lower front teeth when you bite down. This can affect your appearance and cause dental health issues such as jaw pain, tooth decay, and speech problems. Orthodontic treatments can correct an overbite using braces, clear aligners, and other appliances.


Underbite is a condition that occurs when the lower front teeth overlap the upper teeth when biting down. This orthodontic problem is less common but can cause speech difficulties, jaw pain, and posture issues. This condition can be corrected with orthodontic treatments, such as braces or clear aligners.

Open Bite

Open bite occurs when the upper and lower teeth do not meet or align properly when biting down. This problem can cause difficulty chewing and speaking and even affect your appearance. Orthodontic treatments like braces, clear aligners, and other appliances can close the open space between your teeth and correct the problem.


Crossbites happen when a specific part of the jaw bites too far in front of the upper teeth. This problem can cause jaw and teeth misalignment, speech difficulties, and wear and tear to your tooth enamel. Orthodontic treatments such as braces can help align your teeth and jaws correctly.

Preventing Orthodontic Problems Over Time

Preventing these problems is much better than dealing with them. Here are some ways you can prevent these problems today.


Braces are one of the best orthodontic appliances that prevent orthodontic and general oral problems. This appliance attaches to your teeth and provides corrective pressure that gradually shifts them into the desired positions. If you want to express yourself more, consider getting gold braces brackets. These brackets use gold to give you a more distinct look, allowing you to express yourself and further complement your looks.

Dental checkup at work

Regular Checkups

Visiting your local orthodontist regularly can help you monitor the development of your teeth and jaws. Your orthodontist will be able to spot any potential issues early on and suggest treatments before they become serious problems.

Proper Oral Hygiene

Practicing proper dental hygiene is one of the most essential preventive measures. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing regularly, and using mouthwash will help keep your teeth and gums healthy and free from issues that could lead to orthodontic problems down the road.

Orthodontics is essential for tooth care for many people in the U.S., as it helps maintain good oral health and improve aesthetic appeal. Orthodontic treatments offer solutions for common problems. Regular checkups with an orthodontist and practicing oral hygiene are essential to prevent these situations from occurring or progressing further.

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